More than 2,200 terminal facilities exist worldwide, creating above ground storage capacity of over 3.2 billion gallons. The thing about these tanks is that no matter how durable, well designed, and exceptionally constructed they are, they can leak or sustain damages anytime. This especially true when owners and operators fail to follow the rules and regulations set by the American Petroleum Institute (API).
To avoid catastrophic damages like hazardous substance release from large bottom failures and faulty welding, these ASTs require routine inspection, repairs, and maintenance.
API Standards: Routine Practice and Must-Abide-By Regulations
API Standards come in many different forms, depending on the specific use and industry classification of the above ground storage tank. All these standards do not only provide owners and operators access to effective industry practices; almost all local, state and federal agencies have already made them mandatory.
In other words, you need to have all of your ASTs routinely inspected by a certified API inspector. The kind and frequency of these inspections depend on the SPCC plan your business implements. For organizations that involve the use of Welded Tanks for Oil Storage, Heartland Tank Services say that they need to comply with the API 650 Standard.
Understanding API 650 101
This standard, designed specifically for Welded Tanks for Oil Storage, set the requirements for many of the tanks’ aspects. This includes the materials used in their construction, as well as their fabrication, design, erection, capacities, type (above ground, vertical, cylindrical, welded, closed/open-topped), and size.
All in all, the rules and regulations found in this standard ensure that the industries using these tanks exceed safety and economic adequacy. It allows for the effective, safe, and efficient use of the tanks as storage for various types of liquid products, particularly petroleum and oil.
When you comply with this API Standard, rest assured that your tanks perform not only efficiently, but also have minimized risks of causing potential catastrophes.