Water Sanitation: Keeping the Pathogens out of Your Water

a person getting drinking water from faucet

Water treatment is a big concern for many people mainly because of the various water-borne diseases that can be fatal. The fear motivates a lot of people to improve their home filter systems. It is crucial to ensure that every water-related electronic purchase you make has a proper water filter. Such investments include ice machines, coffee brewers, and steam machines. These filters prevent scale, mineral deposits, sediments, and other contaminants from getting into your water. As a result, you get pure water that tastes great. Water treatment and purification are done in water channels and treatment plants on a larger scale. These effective commercial water treatment systems use a series of steps to ensure that the water is indeed purified.

The following steps are taken to eliminate any possibility of water being contaminated:

Sedimentation

Sedimentation is a simple step that separates water from large particles of dirt and mineral deposits. You pump water from a source, such as a lake or dam, to large settling tanks. A small amount of potash alum is added to help the soil and dirt to settle at the bottom fast. The dust and deposits that land at the bottom are what is referred to as sediments.

Filtration

After sedimentation, the water is filtered through layers of sand and gravel to remove more particles. The next step is passing the water through activated charcoal that holds back more particles as well as impurities and produces better quality water.

Chlorination

The water gets treated with chlorine germs to kill pathogens. This is the final step before water is distributed through channels to private homes and commercial establishments.

Water purification is essential in ensuring safety and maintaining good health, especially for children. The methods are applied to make water safe for consumption, even in public drinking fountains. It helps us save money and protect the environment to discourage the purchase of bottled water.