What is a Perforated Eardrum?

hearing problem

hearing problemA perforated eardrum can be painful and cause hearing loss. This is usually accompanied by a liquid discharge, pain in the ear, or decreased hearing. While it is normal for perforated eardrums to heal in just a few weeks, doctors may still need to perform surgery to repair the tear in some cases.

A perforated eardrum is a tear or hole in the eardrum that can allow bacteria and other things to get into the inner and middle ear. If you have a perforated eardrum, an infection may develop and cause hearing loss.

Deterioration in the Hearing

A hole in the eardrum can cause deterioration of a person’s ability to hear. HarrisHearing.com says the use of hearing aids can greatly improve hearing if the eardrum does not heal by itself. The use of quality hearing aids is also helpful if the hearing is severely impaired by a middle ear infection.

Pain in the Ear

Pain or discomfort caused by a perforated eardrum can be treated with painkiller like ibuprofen. It is important to avoid getting the ear wet while it heals. The doctor may also prescribe antibiotics if an infection is the cause of a perforated eardrum.

Infection Prevention

Other than antibiotics, you can also prevent infection by avoiding over-the-counter eardrops, unless the doctor tells you to. If there is a rupture in the eardrum, certain types of eardrops can get into the cochlea and cause problems. It is also important to avoid cleaning your ear or forcefully blowing your nose, until the ear is completely healed.

Preventing Perforated Eardrum

In some cases, you can’t prevent a perforated eardrum (especially when it is caused by infection). Many perforations, however, are 100 percent preventable. Reduce the chances of it rupturing by calling your doctor right away if you notice signs of infection. It is also best to avoid sticking anything in your ear, as it could damage it.

Perforated eardrums can be terrifying at first, so it helps to remember that they can heal on their own. It is still important, however, to see a doctor to get advice for a guided treatment.